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Fertility and Conception

For families who cannot conceive naturally fertility treatment and/or assisted conception can be an obvious choice. There are legal frameworks which regulate the process. These are complex and depend on the specific circumstances of your family and the conception. The legal recognition of the other parent, where a baby is born as a result of assisted conception, depends on the specific circumstances and is a complex matter.

Our specialist team can advise on the legal implications of assisted conception, issues of consent and the legal status of biological and non-biological parents. Goodman Ray have been at the forefront of this cutting edge area of law and involved in the cases that are now the leading authorities in this complex and developing field.

Re G (A Minor); Re Z (A Minor) [2013] EWHC 134 (Fam). This case dealt with the legal status of a sperm donor under section 42 of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 (HFEA).

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For further information please contact one of our specialists

Jemma is the partner in the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care department. She specialises in and has exten…
Kevin has expertise in international custody disputes, child abduction, matrimonial proceedings and care proceedings. He is ass…
Katrin joined the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care Department in 2015. She specialises in cases concerning children …

Surrogacy

Surrogacy is an arrangement between two people who want to parent a child and a woman who agrees to carry and give birth to that child. Under English law the surrogate mother remains the legal mother, wherever the child was conceived and/or born, unless orders are made to the contrary by the court. These orders are known as “parental orders”. They give the intended parents legal parental rights and ends those of the surrogate mother. Once a parental order is made a new birth certificate naming the intended parents will be issued to replace the first birth certificate.

These arrangements can be very complex and you should always seek specialist legal advice, ideally in advance of entering into any agreements.

Our specialist team can advise you through the process and the law relating to surrogacy arrangements.

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For further information please contact one of our specialists

Jemma is the partner in the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care department.  She specialises in and has exten…
Kevin has expertise in international custody disputes, child abduction, matrimonial proceedings and care proceedings. He is ass…
Katrin joined the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care Department in 2015. She specialises in cases concerning children …

Same Sex Parenting

Same sex parenting will often involve a number of the adults playing a role in a child’s life. To regulate these arrangements it is advisable to enter into what is known as a “co-parenting agreement”. This will ensure that all parents involved understand their role, are focussed on the best interests of the child and his or her welfare, and consider and reflect on all the issues that might arise, from the outset.

Co-parenting agreements typically cover issues such as:

• who will be on the birth certificate;
• who will the child live with;
• how much time will the child spend with the other parent (s);
• who will be financially responsible for the child;
• who will makes the major decisions in the child’s life

We can advise you on co-parenting agreement and what should be included. A careful understanding of everyone’s legal position can help avoid disagreements in the future.

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For further information please contact one of our specialists

Jemma is the partner in the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care department. She specialises in and has exten…
Kevin has expertise in international custody disputes, child abduction, matrimonial proceedings and care proceedings. He is ass…
Katrin joined the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care Department in 2015. She specialises in cases concerning children …

Domestic Adoption

If you are considering adopting a child in this country, you will first need to be assessed and approved as potential adopters either by a local authority or an approved adoption agency. The assessment process can take many months to complete and it is important that you are realistic about the process, pressures and time involved. Our team can guide you through this process including in circumstances where there are concerns about an assessment or if a recommendation has been made that you should not be approved as an adopter.

An adoption order made by the court gives adopters legal parental status as if the child was born to them and ends the parental rights of the birth parents. To apply for an adoption order in England and Wales you must satisfy requirements in respect of your age, where you permanently live (known as habitual residence or domicile), and the length of time that the child has been living with you. Normally adopters are helped through the adoption process by their local authority however there are times when a case is not straightforward for one reason or another and in these circumstances our team can advise and represent you at all stages of the adoption process.

Post adoption

Our team can also provide advice and support to families once an adoption order has been made by the court in respect of all issues/problems that may arise after an adoption order has been made including post adoption contact matters, issues relating to post adoption support from the local authority and in circumstances where a placement has broken down.

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For further information please contact one of our specialists

Jemma is the partner in the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care department. She specialises in and has exten…
Kevin has expertise in international custody disputes, child abduction, matrimonial proceedings and care proceedings. He is ass…
Katrin joined the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care Department in 2015. She specialises in cases concerning children …

International Adoption

As families become more and more international we increasingly find that parents are looking to international adoption or adoption orders being made in other countries to complete their families. The rules relating to international adoptions are complex and this is a highly specialist area of law which can involve complex immigration and regulatory issues.

We can advise:
• Parents who are living in this country and want to adopt a child from abroad;
• Parents who are living or working abroad and want to adopt a child, either abroad or in the UK.

Our specialist team can advise you clearly about the law and explain the strict rules and regulations that may apply to your situation. We have established strong relationships with immigration lawyers, local authorities and adoption agencies.

Top Tips for Intercountry Adoption

Goodman Ray were the instructed lawyers for the adopters on the leading cases in relation to the recognition of a foreign adoption order under English law:
Re R [2012] EWHC 2956 (Fam)

and

D-v-D (foreign adoption) [2008] 1 FLR 1475

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For further information please contact one of our specialists

Jemma is the partner in the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care department. She specialises in and has exten…
Katrin joined the Adoption, Surrogacy and International Child Care Department in 2015. She specialises in cases concerning children …